Hungary in Europe

Hungary, landlocked country of Central Europe. Hungarians, who call their country Magyarország, Land of Magyars, are unique among the nations of Europe in that they speak a language that is not related to any other major European language and unique in the world.

Linguistically surrounded by alien nations, Hungarians felt isolated through

much of their history except for the alliance made with great Slavic nations in order to help in other in better and worth, in war and helping economically. That treaty was signed in Visegrád in the year 1335 by the Hungarian, Polish and Czech kings, and it still lives on. Nowadays it is called the Visegrád Four. The members are 4 neighboring republics: Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary.

 

Cast adrift in a Slavic-Germanic sea, Hungarians are proud to have been

the only people to establish a long-lasting state in the Carpathian

Basin. By accepting Catholicism in the year 1000, they still remained on the borderlands of that civilization. This made them eager to prove themselves and also defensive about lagging behind Western developments elsewhere. Their geographical position often forced them to fight various Eastern invaders, and, as a result, they viewed themselves as defenders of Europe.

 

Alliances were made by marrying Hungarian princesses to Polish and Czech kings, having a king or two from Lithuania, Austria, Transylvania, taking brides from Italy, France, Scottland, and later, when Hungarians grew clever enough, they not only created their own Universities but studied in Leiden, Paris, and London. This may be the reason why we spoke so many languages aside from the mother tongue of our minorities, who've been protected by our most beloved king from the house of Hunyadi of Transylvania Matthias the Just already in Renaissance times.

 

In spite of many national tragedies during the last four centuries, Hungarians remain confident and are proud of their achievements in the sciences, scholarship, and the arts. During the early 20th century, many talented Hungarians emigrated, particularly to the United States, to France or the Netherlands. Among them were leading scientists who played a defining role in the emergence of American atomic discovery and the computer age. The abundance of these scientists, mathematicians, economists, anthropologists, musicians, and artists - among them a dozen Nobel laureates - prompted Laura Fermi, writer, and wife of Italian American

physicist Enrico Fermi, to speculate about “the mystery of the Hungarian talent.”

Hungary gave many exceptional humans to the world, here is a list of our favorites:

 

Attila the Hun

Franz Liszt

János Irinyi

Ignaz Semmelweis

Theodore von Herzl

Harry Houdini

László Almásy

Joseph Pulitzer

Theodore von Kármán

Adolph Zukor

Béla Lugosi

Johnny Weissmuller

Albert Szent-Györgyi

Béla Bartók

Zoltán Kodály

André Kertész

Brassaï

Robert Capa

Victor Vasarely

Magda Szabó

Ágota Kristóf

Zsa Zsa Gabor

Ernő Rubik

George Soros

 

At the end of World War I. defeated Hungary lost 71 percent of its territory as a result of the Treaty of Trianon (1920). Since then, grappling with the loss of more than two-thirds of their territory and people, Hungarians have looked to a past that was greater than the present as their collective psyche suffered from the so-called Trianon Syndrome. The syndrome was widespread prior to 1945; it was suppressed during Soviet domination (1945–90); and it reemerged during independence in 1990 when it took on a different form. The modern country appears to be split into two irreconcilable factions: those who are still concerned about Trianon and those who would like to forgive it and facing a common Europe. This split is evident in most aspects of Hungarian political, social, and cultural life.

 

Today Hungary is wholly Budapest-centred. The capital dominates the country both by the size of its population and by the concentration within its borders of most of the country’s scientific, scholarly, and artistic institutions.

It is important to mention, that despite this concentration, the protestant capital Debrecen and the city of Veszprém offer very important schools, Szeged, Győr, and Pécs are cultural hotspots, Sopron and Székesfehérvár are not just beautiful but economically important as well.

 

Budapest is a magnificent city, even compared with the great pantheon of European capitals, it is often called Paris of the East.